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Short Communication

A Scale for Measurement of Empowerment

RATNA NASHINE1, NEELAM BHARADWAJ2 AND M. ESAKKIMUTHU3

Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand

Corresponding Author's Email: esakkimuthu418@yahoo.com

Abstract

Since independence a number of poverty alleviation programmes including agricultural developmental programmes was launched. Development programme intending to improve rural, livelihoods normally targeted men in early eighties. However, in the latter decade to today the programmes are being increasingly focused towards women. Close relationships refer to the ability to negotiate and influence the nature of one’s relationships and the decisions made within them. Collective empowerment involves individuals working together to achieve a greater impact than they could have achieved alone. This detailed study together with strict follow-up of data collection from the sample respondents has been extremely useful in developing a relatively consistent tool to measure farmers’ empowerment.

Keywords: Scale, item, reliability, validity and empowerment

Page No.: 11286-11288

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